Crude Pipeline Integrity Congress 2014-Nov 19-20, Houston TX

The Only Pipeline Integrity Congress Focused Specifically on Crude Comes To Houston November 19-20 at the Crowne Plaza- Brookhollow.

For more information, please visit the event website here:

This year’s inaugural Crude Pipeline Asset Integrity Congress is the only event designed specifically for crude oil pipelines.

With the continual emergence of new shale plays across the US, crude production has continued to soar and crude takeaway capacity with it. Tens of thousands of miles of crude pipelines now traverse the United States and Canada and as pipeline infrastructure continues to expand at this rapid pace, it has become absolutely imperative for pipeline operators to maintain the highest level of integrity in these pipelines to maintain flow rates, avoid hazardous leaks and expensive repairs.

Crude pipelines and facilities require specific tools and considerations for maintenance. In order to deliver operators with the most comprehensive understanding of the latest, most effective integrity management tools relevant to their operations, solutions designed specifically for crude pipelines need to be presented.

“This is the only conference focused specifically on crude oil pipelines and 100% focused on the pipeline operator’s experience. We’ve put together a select group of pipeline operators and academics to deliver practical case studies on optimizing the main pipeline integrity plan. This is really a very valuable opportunity for operators to learn from each other and apply that knowledge to their day to day work.” Says Diana Franco, Conference Director.

Kinder Morgan, BP, ExxonMobil, Centurion Pipeline, Buckeye Partners and more are also confirmed to speak at the conference on 19-20 November in Houston.













Preventing Pipeline External Corrosion By Integration Of Coating With Cathodic Protection


Frenzel is speaking at Crude Pipeline Asset Integrity Congress, Houston TX 2014-11-20

The Only Crude Pipeline Operator-Led Congress Focused On The Entire Pipeline Asset Integrity Management Strategy: From Selection To Implementation

Houston TX Nov 19-20 Website:

Registration, details on the speakers, and the full program are on the website.

Ensuring The Success Of A Project Through The Optimal Selection Of Coating Techniques

Crude Pipeline Asset Integrity Congress 2014

Houston, 19-20-Nov- 2014

Reviewing NACE,-SSPC, ISO Surface Preparation Standards so the owner knows what they’re getting, the contractor knows what they’re supplying, and the paint manufacturer knows what they’re warranting

  • Exploring the three components of a perfect surface Preparation to ensure performance
  • Understanding the logistics of removal of thick coal tar (coating) and tape
  • Evaluating the economic parameters to decide whether to repair or to replace

This is a back to basics presentation. Coatings and the maintenance of pipelines is a subset of corrosion of steel. The pipelines need to last for years. The interior and Exterior coating is the primary deterrent to corrosion.

Sid Taylor of InCal Pipe, developed over the past 15 years, the factors to make a decision to repair or replace, out of the ditch, gas transmission pipelines. This Figure is a general summary for high production recoating of gas transmission pipelines.


WaterJet- Industrial Cleaning Conference- Safety

2011 Waterjet and Industrial-Municipal Cleaning Association


BLASTING, Pressure Washing.

The WJTA_ IMCA WaterJet Technology Association-Industrial & Municipal

Cleaning Association is holding their biannual conference and Expo of

September 19-21, 2011 at the George R Brown Convention Center in Houston


Plan to attend if you are cleaning anything from sewage, to parking lots,

to bridges, or cutting with water- at all pressures, or if you use

vaccuum trucks in your business.

There are workshops, boot camps, and live demonstrations as well as the

largest global exhibition for waterjet and water blast equipment.

If you are using waterblasters, pressure washers, or waterjetting

equipment, you should have on site

1. Recommended Practices for the US of High Pressure Waterjetting


-available in English and Spanish.

2. Video or cd- Waterjetting Equipment- 30 minutes

3. Medical alert cards for each person on site.

4. Recommended Practices for the Use of Industrial Vacuum Equipment

5. Video or cd- Vacuum Equipment.

Contact the Advisory Council if you would like a general Operations

Module. It contains the WJTA Video and “Recommended Practices,” some

suggested personnel safety policies that are specific to waterjetting

and not covered in current OSHA regulations, five laminated cards for

individual workers, and some suggested topics for in-house training

courses for your workers.

This Advisory Council module does not contain a self-help, self-testing

text. It is not a certification procedure. Pressure Washing and

Waterjetting are used in so many different applications that the general

training course would need to be customized for site specific projects.

Handy Table on Surface Contamination

NAVY SEA Systems Command
Materials Engineering Group
Codes SEA 03M12.5
2531 Jefferson Davis Highway
Arlington, VA 22242-5160

Soluble Substances Table 1  (P & W Hand Held Hydroblast Unit)
  Total Sample Area  (cm2) 112.5
 Total µg/ cm2   2.61
 Chloride µg/ cm2  0.85

Soluble Substances Table 2 (ABB Hand Held Grit Blast Unit)
 Total Sample  Area (cm2) 50
 Total µg/ cm2   120.71
 Chloride  µg/ cm2  62.55

Inspection Manual for Flash Rust

Inspection Manual for Flash RustSupplement to Standard Photograph Guides
Supplement to VIS-4

December 29, 2008

Prepared for
Advanced Technology Institute
SSA: No. 2008-326

Prepared by
Lydia M. Frenzel, Ph.D.
Fat Squirrel 22, LLC
On behalf of
Project Participants:
Todd Pacific Shipyard- Lead Shipyard

Project Goals and Objective:

This document is a supplement to SSPC-VIS No. 4 NACE VIS 7 (or ISO 8501-4).

SSPC-VIS No. 4 NACE VIS 7, ISO 8501-4, International Paint Hydroblasting photos, and Hempel photos do not illustrate: 1. an example of lightly wiping; 2. an example of the surface after excess flash rust with loose rust dust has been mitigated by pressure washing.

For this manual, “Flash Rust” is the rust that occurs from the time the waterjet (WJ) or wet abrasive blast (WAB) cleaning process starts to the time the water used for the cleaning process dries. Flash rust often looks like a rust bloom.

Look at SSPC-VIS No. 4 NACE VIS 7, ISO 8501-4, and NACE No. 5- SSPC- SP-12 for a more detailed definition of flash rust.

“Rust-Back” is used in dry abrasive blast standards. Rust-Back occurs on surfaces that appear to be dry. Rust Back is the rust that occurs when DRY, bare steel is exposed to conditions of high humidity, moisture, or a corrosive atmosphere.

“Rust Bloom” is somewhat uniform rust spread evenly over a large section of the surface. Rust Bloom is a generic description. The observer doesn’t know if it originates from flash rust or rust-back.

Coatings manufacturers will designation the level of Flash Rust that is acceptable for the coating in a specific environment.

How much “Flash Rust” is formed is directly related to time of wetness. Engineering controls and project scheduling are key in reducing the time of wetness. Look at Blast and Dry, Clean Blasting, and Drying Effects.mpg

Inspecting for “Flash rust” is not rocket science.
It is deceptively simple or deceptively hard, because the decision is subjective.
? Prior to painting, look at the rust bloom on the steel.
? Find out the environmental history-if there was rain, pressure washing, waterjet cleaning, or no water involved at all.
? If there is no water involved, you reject the “Rust-Back.”
? If there is water involved in the surface cleaning, you place VIS-4 up to the surface nest to the rust and make an initial judgment concerning light, moderate, and heavy.
? If necessary, you wipe the “Flash Rust” to continue the determination between light, moderate, and heavy.
? Be consistent in the determination methods.
? Mitigate the flash rust to the amount required by the project specifications.

This manual does not address whether or not the amount of flash rust is suitable for coatings. Coatings manufacturers DO NOT recommend painting over HEAVY flash rust. The coatings must wet to the substrate, consolidate the dust, and be thick enough to cover the rust dust.

SSPC, NACE, ISO and Coatings Manufacturers published several guides to “Flash Rust” with photos.
All guides are to be used in the same manner. All lead to the same answer!

Download this manual here:

[download id=”5″]

Paint Removal

Seems like paint removal ought to be a simple concept, right? But how much paint do you remove to remove half of the paint? How do you sample an area to show that you left 75% of a coating?

Can you remove all of a top coating and leave all of the tightly adherent base coat? Are elastomeric coatings tightly adherent by abrasive blasting standards and easily removed by wet blasting?

The advantage of waste streams that contain only the original coating: Dams and tidal structures.

Paint removal that creates opportunity for corrosion. Brushing and scraping.

Radioactive Contamination

Removal of Surface Radiation from Steel- Dry Blasting compared to Ultra-High Pressure Water

UHP WJ is routinely used to remove surface radiation from steel in nuclear plants.


John S. Oechsle Jr., who is now retired, worked with S.G. Pinney & Assoc. in Florida and prior to that in the 1950’s worked with Metalweld and DuPont in the nuclear industry.  IN 1999, he talked to me about what happened to the surface, removal of Corrosion, and surface radiation. The exterior surface of any metal starts to change as soon as it comes out of the mill.  The change is at the outer boundary and as you go into the material, you reach the bulk property region.

Metalweld and DuPont in the 1950’s showed that corrosion invades the surface by about 2.5 mils at the grain boundary. To remove all contamination by dry blasting, it required 5 consecutive blasts consuming 47.5 lb. of abrasive/ft.2 to remove enough steel to eliminate the surface corrosion contamination. NACE No. 1/ SSPC-SP 5 was the standard.

Ultrahigh-pressure water at 36000 to 55000 psi removed the surface contamination in one full pass. On a project in Japan, 28 tons of structural steel had been in immersion in a nuclear plant for 19 years. The steel was corroded and radioactive. The customer wanted to clean the steel to less than detectable radiation for removal from the site. All steel was ultrahigh-pressure blasted at 55000 psi. 27.5 tons were moved off site at less than detectable radiation so only one-half ton of steel was removed in total.

Calculating Erosion

Calculation of Erosion in terms of energy per square area per minute per hydraulic horsepower.

One of the major UHP pump manufacturers has studied this erosion and energy concentration at length as they sell both cleaning and cutting equipment.

A typical surface cleaning application is 0.8 liters/minute (3 gallons per minute) at 280 MPa (40,000 psi) at a rate of 22 square meters (200 square feet) per hour.  To erode MILD steel, you would need about 150 times more energy in terms of square area per minute per hydraulic horsepower.  In other words, you would need to slow down to about 0.15 sq meter per hour at the same parameters in order to get erosion.

Personally, I don’t think anyone would want to slow down production rates this much!