Crude Pipeline Integrity Congress 2014-Nov 19-20, Houston TX

The Only Pipeline Integrity Congress Focused Specifically on Crude Comes To Houston November 19-20 at the Crowne Plaza- Brookhollow.

For more information, please visit the event website here:

This year’s inaugural Crude Pipeline Asset Integrity Congress is the only event designed specifically for crude oil pipelines.

With the continual emergence of new shale plays across the US, crude production has continued to soar and crude takeaway capacity with it. Tens of thousands of miles of crude pipelines now traverse the United States and Canada and as pipeline infrastructure continues to expand at this rapid pace, it has become absolutely imperative for pipeline operators to maintain the highest level of integrity in these pipelines to maintain flow rates, avoid hazardous leaks and expensive repairs.

Crude pipelines and facilities require specific tools and considerations for maintenance. In order to deliver operators with the most comprehensive understanding of the latest, most effective integrity management tools relevant to their operations, solutions designed specifically for crude pipelines need to be presented.

“This is the only conference focused specifically on crude oil pipelines and 100% focused on the pipeline operator’s experience. We’ve put together a select group of pipeline operators and academics to deliver practical case studies on optimizing the main pipeline integrity plan. This is really a very valuable opportunity for operators to learn from each other and apply that knowledge to their day to day work.” Says Diana Franco, Conference Director.

Kinder Morgan, BP, ExxonMobil, Centurion Pipeline, Buckeye Partners and more are also confirmed to speak at the conference on 19-20 November in Houston.













Preventing Pipeline External Corrosion By Integration Of Coating With Cathodic Protection


Frenzel is speaking at Crude Pipeline Asset Integrity Congress, Houston TX 2014-11-20

The Only Crude Pipeline Operator-Led Congress Focused On The Entire Pipeline Asset Integrity Management Strategy: From Selection To Implementation

Houston TX Nov 19-20 Website:

Registration, details on the speakers, and the full program are on the website.

Ensuring The Success Of A Project Through The Optimal Selection Of Coating Techniques

Crude Pipeline Asset Integrity Congress 2014

Houston, 19-20-Nov- 2014

Reviewing NACE,-SSPC, ISO Surface Preparation Standards so the owner knows what they’re getting, the contractor knows what they’re supplying, and the paint manufacturer knows what they’re warranting

  • Exploring the three components of a perfect surface Preparation to ensure performance
  • Understanding the logistics of removal of thick coal tar (coating) and tape
  • Evaluating the economic parameters to decide whether to repair or to replace

This is a back to basics presentation. Coatings and the maintenance of pipelines is a subset of corrosion of steel. The pipelines need to last for years. The interior and Exterior coating is the primary deterrent to corrosion.

Sid Taylor of InCal Pipe, developed over the past 15 years, the factors to make a decision to repair or replace, out of the ditch, gas transmission pipelines. This Figure is a general summary for high production recoating of gas transmission pipelines.


Cleaner Times Article on Dr. Frenzel by Kathy Danforth

“This article is reprinted with permission from CleanerTimes/IWA, a monthly trade journal serving the pressure cleaning and waterjetting industries.  For more information please visit or . Article by Kathy Danforth

June 2011, p. 42, Cleaner Times

Dr. Lydia Frenzel has been a significant force in the waterjetting industry since her early work in the 1970s and 1980s, which established waterjetting as a superior method for coatings removal. Lydia received her undergraduate and doctoral degrees in chemistry at the University of Texas in Austin and subsequently moved to southern Louisiana, where she worked with anti-fouling hull-coatings and then in pipeyards dealing largely with the effects of corrosion. After growing up on the Gulf Coast of Texas “with the chipping of rust in my ears,” this was a familiar battle.

While 3000–7000 psi water-blasting was used for cleaning pipes, Lydia reports, “When the pump companies started getting up to 20,000 psi around 1981–82, we started getting excited about coatings removal and surface preparation.” The lower pressure would clean and wash salts off, but Lydia observes, “When you go from 10,000 psi to 20,000 psi, magic occurs. You get a sonic wave on the surface and polymers would shear right off. The threshold pressure for most materials was 20,000 psi. I did a white paper for Butterworth on 20,000 psi surface preparation of metals for painting, and the result was that it could be done very elegantly.” Where technical papers typically have an audience of 50–100, around 3000 copies of Lydia’s “Water is True Grit” found their way to tradespersons and it is a classic Web item.

Charles Frenzel, a physicist from Vanderbilt as well as Lydia’s husband and coworker on the Advisory Council, notes, “I don’t know that anyone recognized at that time that we were opening an industry. No real science had been done on the idea of using waterjetting for coatings removal till that point. But when we cleaned the steel, we observed it had an immediate light yellowing that stayed that way for months. We have steel tests in storage that haven’t rusted in years.”

Lydia recalls, “We had a friend at the University of Kentucky who did the metallurgy on a cross section to prove that we had very clean surfaces. We had a small testing lab in New Orleans paint the surfaces for immersion testing, and we found the stuff was really cleaned off. With the waterjetting you not only got the salts knocked off, but the paint adhered better.”

“Immersion testing showed amazing performance!” Charles says, and this provided an application for equipment manufacturers to aim toward. Charles states, “Something had to come along to provide a reason for wanting more pressure, to control it in a certain way, and make a nozzle a certain way. Coatings removal gave people a handle on how this could be done and how it should go forward.”

After a typical cleaning by brushing or abrasive blasting, corrosion would often start within hours. Charles points out, “With abrasive blasting or brushing, they actually weren’t cleaning the salts off. People were looking at it in macroscopic terms—we can’t see anything so it must be ok. But corrosion starts at a microscopic level. By the next day the steel was black again.”

Though pump life was initially a problem with the higher pressures, Lydia notes, “The pump manufacturers have been very good at meeting needs for pumps, nozzles, and pump parts for this industry. They’ve responded to every request the industry has had.”

As waterjetting use expanded, Lydia continued work in related areas. “I worked for a coal mining plant in California and for Baker Sand Control in Lafayette, LA,” Lydia recalls. “My husband, Charles, and I had a computer consulting firm in New Orleans, and we were selling a water-based compound to keep pipes from corroding.”

Lydia became a committee chairperson for the Steel Structures Painting Council, now the Society of Protective Coatings (SSPC), and also for the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE). “I’m still doing that and that’s still fun,” she comments. “Along the way I became the expert for the United States in this particular area—surface preparation by wet blasting—for the International Standards Organization (ISO).

“The waterjetting community was excited about this application, and those contractors who used it liked it, but they were few and far between,” Lydia observes. “One obstacle comes from contractors who  own dry blasting equipment and would have to buy new equipment and re-educate their workforce. Another obstacle is that when you remove the rust, everything on the steel underneath now shows up— where the metal may have been scratched or welded.” With dry blasting, old mistakes are erased since the surface of the metal itself is abraded rather than just exposed. Lydia comments, “It’s still not uncommon to get a certified inspector who doesn’t know what he’s looking at. The surface looks different. But the refineries love the waterblasting because they have to test the little cracks and you can find them easily.”

Charles points out that some corporate cultures do not favor overall efficiency. “They didn’t worry about whether it was cheaper to replace— due to damaging rust from poor surface maintenance—or to repair. It’s cheaper to maintain, but the people who are in operations don’t get promoted by saving money. They are enamored by the shiny and the new.”

However, the advantages of waterjetting were recognized by paint manufacturers and the U.S. Navy. The Naval aircraft carrier repair engineers couldn’t believe the results. Lydia reports, “International Paint, Hempel, Sherwin Williams, PPG, and Ameron said they accepted and actually preferred the waterblasting cleaning method. The coatings suppliers are key because they have to warranty the work. If they don’t like it, nothing’s going to happen.”

“We got a breakthrough in 1994 because the U.S. Navy didn’t want sand left over after they blasted ship hulls. They wanted something ecologically friendly and recyclable, and that’s water,” Lydia states. “They had a demonstration of a full vacuum recovery and full recycling system.” Charles adds, “The waste stream should have no other waste than the coating that comes off. Waterjetting accomplishes this. The paint can be separated out, compressed, dried, and that’s the minimum possible.

Instead of thousands of tons of contaminated abrasive, such as sand, you have 15 barrels of paint chips. Waterjetting is incredibly green.”

Charles and Lydia formed the Advisory Council in 1996 with the goal of promoting education, cooperation, and development of new technologies that conserve resources, primarily dealing with water blasting or wet abrasive blasting. Lydia says, “Charles and I took photographs for NACE/SSPC standards, which were funded by the National Shipbuilding Research Program (NSRP), a joint shipyard/navy program. NSRP is still funding projects favorable to waterjetting.”

Education efforts involve workshops all over the globe, massive e-mail, and multiple websites to introduce users to the waterjetting process, and an ongoing battle against the inertia of doing things the same way they’ve always been done. “After 20 years some people are still wondering if water will dissolve salts,” Lydia wryly comments. “The standards have been out since 1994, and I still have people saying, ‘I’m not sure we can paint over waterjetted surfaces.’”

As Charles points out, “It would be easier to change chemistry than some people’s opinions, and we educators don’t like that!”

Successful waterjetting also calls for a higher level of expertise, which takes time to develop. Lydia explains, “You can calculate what happens when the water hits and ‘splats.’ You can calculate the velocity, energy, and force from a nozzle, and the cohesive force to drill through a layer and the adhesive force to shear along an interface. You can take off exactly the layers you need at a very specific level.

“A lot of the time contractors are not into calculations,” Lydia observes. “They want to pick up the equipment and just have it work, but this is sophisticated. Most of the time blasters will start at an inconspicuous spot with low velocity and pressure, or they might start at 30,000 psi and see what it takes to remove one layer and not the next. It becomes an art.”

Since Europe has been ahead of the United States in their environmental awareness, they have also been ahead in the use of waterjetting technology. Lydia notes, “In the l980s a company in Canada put together a massive waterjetting system and came to the U.S. Now they maintain pipelines in Russia and the Middle East. They come along the pipeline and clean and recoat it, but people in the U.S. aren’t using it even though it’s proven technology.” Charles and Lydia both see restoration of the oil, gas, and chemical pipelines in the U.S. as a critical need where waterjetting could be instrumental. Lydia reports, “Our pipeline system is old and corroded. It’s a major crisis point in our infrastructure. It costs $7 billion annually to monitor, replace, and maintain the 484,000 miles of U.S. pipelines. In our country we’re patching rather than cleaning and repainting.”

Since pipeline ruptures range from disruptive to dangerous, Charles muses, “Why isn’t the refurbishment of the pipeline system of the U.S. recognized as one of the largest business opportunities of recent times?” Charles feels that a vision of what can be achieved is necessary for change to occur. “We’ve got a society that’s so litigation-conscious that they do the same, usual thing,” he remarks. “There’s no incentive to look at something new or different.”

Lydia’s concern is, “After 30 years I don’t see how waterjetting is new any more, but I keep finding people who’ve never thought about waterjetting for their cleaning and coatings removal.”

Lydia served on the WJTA Board for 12 years and says, “I really enjoy working with the waterjetting industry. They’re very competitive, but they will get together and talk about what’s good for the industry. Through the years they’ve been very cooperative.”

Because of its versatility, waterjetting has quite diverse applications. “I love it that you can go into someone’s research lab and they may be cutting stained glass or parts for a motorcycle fender,” Lydia exclaims. “It’s used as a cutting tool for blue jeans, mashing potatoes, and pulverizing orange juice. One of the biggest uses of waterjets is cutting baby diapers because you have a fast stream of water that doesn’t get anything wet. It’s a knife blade that never gets dull. I would love to see more water used on bridges, structures, and roads. It pains me to see someone with a jackhammer on a highway. With waterjetting you can remove what you want without fracturing the rest of the surrounding concrete.”

Lydia has enjoyed serving as an expert on unique projects where waterjetting could provide both the precision and power needed. “We were involved in the conservation of the Titanic Big Piece and the Saturn V rocket,” she recalls. “I found the Saturn V to be the most interesting because you’re working on an icon—a part of history. We worked with the conservators to use waterjetting and not damage the artifact. We were letting them know how you could get one coat off without tearing the rest to pieces.”

The reason for Lydia and Charles’s promotion of waterjetting is not just professional interest; Charles says, “You might think we’re just technologists, but we think about the welfare of people. We search for excellence.” Since Lydia has been a District Governor with Rotary International, they have visited hundreds of clubs and Charles observes, “Community-aware people do not come from the engineering and science professions, but they have the biggest impact on lives. Scientists are often not aware of social implications because living in a gated community doesn’t give a picture of what’s going on at the food bank.”

“We really hate to see the ill effects of misapplied techniques and old ideas because people don’t want to change,” he continues. “That’s why we got involved—we were concerned about the waste of money and lives. We needed to develop a network to bring this community together to look at conservation of resources and the infrastructure of the United States.”

Lydia has been recognized as “Distinguished Citizen” by Alpha Gamma Delta sorority and was honored in 2004 as one of the 20 most influential people in the coatings industry by the Journal of Protective Coatings and Linings. As well as giving workshops and providing expert advice, Lydia and Charles have found time to write seven fiction books, with the latest released January 2011. Charles accurately says, “We do a lot of things!” From the ground up, Lydia has been pushing the water-jetting frontier forward, and she welcomes others to join her to build the future with action and vision!

Drs. Charles and Lydia Frenzel live in San Marcos, TX, and can be reached at

IWA Jun 2011 45

Another Callie Houston book out, and other major developments.

Many of my readers know that I’ve been undergoing treatment for Cancer. Fewer seem to know that our second novel about Callie in Louisiana was published in February, also under the name L.C. Frenzel which is the pseudonym my husband, Charles Frenzel, and I use for our novels. Emerald Green is published in Kindle format, but you can read it with an emulator on any computer–in case you don’t have a Kindle. Our next Callie book, tentatively named Sweet and Sour, will be out in June and is set in Texas. The new book is much more ambitious and (we think) will deliver a lot more punch as Callie growing up entering the adult world.

My New Book is out on Amazon

Hi, people. My new book, a thriller written as a collaboration with my husband under the name of L.C. Frenzel, is out on Amazon in Kindle format. This book draws on characters you meet in shipyards and around the oil patch. Maybe you’ll enjoy a glimpse into the muddy workings of southern Louisianna. This book has a strong, young female main character…as you might have guessed. Find it at:

Cover Leaf:

In the pre-Katrina world of south Louisiana, a high school girl and her mother are caught up in a violent act of retribution.Callie Houston lives with her single-parent mom, Jeanne, in the small town of Hammond, La. She’s a smart, impulsive young woman who figures she can handle almost anything. Suddenly her world is turned upside down when her mother is kidnapped by Tony Ryan, one of her mother’s accounting business clients. The mobster is looking for papers incriminating him in an embezzlement scheme. Blood, pain, and violent death replace her sheltered world of books and nature.Callie’s story is not only about how she survives her ordeal, but also how painful choices are part of growing up.

Remember, you can read Kindle on your PC and Mac with the FREE app from Amazon.

Four-Way Test

We constantly feel the need to take action, but what action?
Every day, and in every direction, we can look around and see a lot of things that need to be done, many actions that need to be taken. A suffering child, a mother without means to protect her children, an impoverished man or woman on the street, teachers without adequate classrooms and students without books, working men and women without health insurance sitting in crowed hospital emergency rooms, elderly people without the warmth of a stove or the warmth of human caring– all this and so much more demands our attention. So many things in our immediate community, in our country, on our earth  urgently demand our action. The focus is on action, but what action. There must always be acts of choice which determine the paths we follow.
The FOUR-WAY-TEST is a set of rules that illuminates action, action that is supposed to be good and wise. One might say that the FOUR-WAY-TEST constitutes the rules that join action to wisdom. Wisdom’s first rule is seek the truth. I might say to you, alternatively, test for truth. Before you can act wisely, you must test the truth of the proposition that requires your action.
Is it true that the children for whom you collect christmas gifts need toys? Perhaps they urgently need food, or do they need shelter from violence in their community, even their own homes. And not only must you test for truth, you must follow wisdom’s second rule which is test for fairness. Action must lead to equity. Balance must be recognized. Is it fair to offer a scholarship without providing and following the rules of competition? To reward capriciously is to risk violating fairness. Equal opportunity is the  path of fairness.
So, we must test for fairness as well as truth. We need to know if the action will be fair to all concerned. And this leads to the third rule of wisdom which is test for benefit. Is there benefit to all concerned?  Moral benefit, economic benefit, cultural benefit?
We must not only test for truth and fairness, but who will benefit from the consequences of the action? What of fair selection, given equal opportunity? How far do concern and involvement reach if all who of those who are concerned are to benefit? The number of people who benefit theoretically from a school play production far exceeds the number of young people who can realistically try out for the school basketball team and benefit from participation in this sport. I enjoy sports, but one can point out that atheltics is by and large a vicarious experience. Life is not a vicarious experience. The test for benefit must consider whether or not the benefit is real or substitute.
And finally, the fourth rule of wisdom addresses the sense of community. Does the action lead to a common ground of being? Do we all feel part of the community after the action is complete. Have we practiced exclusive principles, or have we practiced inclusive principles.
Perhaps you recognize that what we are talking about is a lot like sportsmanlike conduct. Players of the Game are expected to agree on the rules, that is, agree to the truth; players expect to be treated fairly, that is, the rules are applied with equity; players expect to benefit from fair and honest competition according to their abilities; and players are on the same ground of being, that is ,they are all competitors in the same game. Too bad the pageants of our professional sports spectaculars aren’t good examples of exemplary human beings.
If this sounds like a complete guide to wisdom, let me remind you of what the Nazis believed to be true: it was fair that all Germans should benefit from being members of the community of the Master Race.
I think you will agree that there is another condition, another rule which we must apply; a fifth rule which must guide all of our considerations, one which we have to use before we can apply the FOUR-WAY-TEST successfully. We must exchange places with the other person. That is, we must be able to recognize their truth as our own, their fairness, their benefit, their sense of community. We must be able to do all of this without necessarily adopting their point of view.

That recognition of “other truth” is essential, also, in drafting a definition of “service above self”. I can’t imagine needing to say this to an audience of women. Women may not know all about the four way test of truth, fairness, benefit, and community, but they do know about service above self. Being a partner to the creation of new life out of one’s own material self is certainly service above self.

TV Coverage WaterJet Cutting and Cleaning- Jay Leno, History Channel, Learning Channel, National Geographics Channel

National Geographics, World’s Toughest Fixes “Cruise Ship Repair.”

Every so often, the industry gets “free” publicity via the television. There is an upcoming segment in December.

KMT Waterjet Systems has a Jay Leno connection. You can find clips on the web Look for Calypso Waterjet Cutter under “tools” in the videos.

Flow International was featured on the “American Chopper.” when a Flow special motor cycle was built and the Flow 6 axis cutting system was delivered. The double segment was aired on TLC on February 14 and 21st, 2007

NLB was featured on the History Channel- “Modern Marvels The Pump” in March, 2007. The camera crew photographed all day; about a minute got into the final cut. You can purchase this segment.

John Odwazny, of Chariot Robotics LLC, says that the National Geographic Channel is doing a segment on World’s Toughest Fixes featuring Cruise Ship Repairs.” They were in the Bahamas Shipyard to document the use of robotic ultrahigh pressure stripping on ship hull. Odwazny is not sure when it is to be aired or how much will be included. I just went to and they were having technical difficulties. I found the air time as Wednesday Dec 3 at 9:00 pm central time


When is clean clean?

What is clean water?

What does profile really mean?

When is salt salt?

What are bulk properties versus surface properties?

These are just a few of the areas where terminology confuses standards languages.